Pharmacological inhibition of soluble epoxide hydrolase or genetic deletion reduces diclofenac-induced gastric ulcers

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Abstract

Aims:

This research was conducted to evaluate the hypothesis that gastric ulcers caused by the NSAID diclofenac sodium (DCF) can be prevented by the soluble epoxide hydrolase inhibitor TPPU.

Main methods:

Mice were administered a single dose of 10, 30 or 100 mg/kg of DCF. Once an ulcerative dose of DCF was chosen, mice were pretreated with TPPU for 7 days at 0.1 mg/kg to evaluate anti-ulcer effects of the sEH inhibitor on anatomy, histopathology, pH, inflammatory markers and epithelial apoptosis of stomachs.

Key findings:

Diclofenac caused ulceration of the stomach at a dose of 100 mg/kg and a time post dose of 6 h. Ulcers generated under these conditions were associated with a significant increase in the levels of TNF-α and IL-6 in serum and increased apoptosis compared to control mice. Pretreatment with TPPU resulted in a decrease of ulceration in mice treated with DCF with a significant decrease in the level of apoptosis, TNF-α and IL-6 in the serum in comparison to diclofenac-treated mice. TPPU did not affect the pH of the stomach, whereas omeprazole elevated the pH of the stomach as expected. A similar anti-ulcer effect was observed in sEH gene knockout mice treated with DCF.

Significance:

The sEH inhibitor TPPU decreases the NSAID-induced stomach ulcers.

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