Management of a Life Threatening Bleeding Following Extraction of Deciduous Second Molar Related to a Capillary Haemangioma

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Abstract

Various forms of vascular lesion affect the head and neck region. The head and neck vascular lesions are classified into neoplasms and malformations. Neoplasm presents either as hemangioma or lymphangioma; neoplasm usually presents in young age compared with vascular malformation. A 9-year-old female patient presented to the outpatient clinic referred from the department of pedodontics after extraction of a right mandibular second deciduous molar. Extraction was done by dental GP in outpatient clinic. Massive bleeding followed the extraction. Bleeding was controlled by electrocoagulation of bleeding site and systemic and local application of antifibrinolytic agent. An intravenous line was placed to provide fluid replacement. Injection of intravenous cyklokapron was given to stabilize the blood clot. Selective embolization was performed 24 hours prior to surgical resection of lesion and the lesion was removed under general anesthesia followed by peripheral ostectomy of bone to remove any feeders. Different protocols are used to control life-threatening bleeding. Primary local measures such as Gelfoam packing, Tranexamic or Aminocaproic topical application, Surgicel application, Electrocautery, Bone wax, Ligation of External Carotid or Common Carotid Artery, or Selective Embolization of feeder vessel may be used to control the bleeding. Interventional radiographic blockage of feeder vessel currently shows high success rate in the management of life-threatening bleeding compared with previous techniques.

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