Prevalence and Determinants of Hypertension and High Normal Blood Pressure Among Young Adult Saudi Females: Insights Into Preventive Strategies

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Abstract

This study aimed to determine the prevalence of hypertension and high normal blood pressure and their risk factors among young adult Saudi females. A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted in a women's university. A questionnaire evaluated the subjects' demographic data and risk factors for hypertension and the blood pressure, height, and weight were recorded. In all, 4.1% of the participants were hypertensive and 6.2% had high normal blood pressure. Significant predictors of hypertension/high normal blood pressure were increased body mass index, increased heart rate, walking fewer days per week, and dietary factors. Attention to these risk factors through educational programs is warranted to reduce disease burden in the community.

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