Artificial Disk Replacement Combined With Fusion Versus 2-Level Fusion in Cervical 2-Level Disk Disease With a 5-Year Follow-up

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Abstract

Study Design:

Prospective study.

Objective:

The purpose of this study was to compare the long-term clinical and radiologic outcomes of hybrid surgery (HS) and 2-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (2-ACDF) in patients with 2-level cervical disk disease.

Summary of Background Data:

In a previous study with a 2-year follow-up, HS was shown to be superior to 2-ACDF, with a better Neck Disability Index (NDI) score, less postoperative neck pain, faster C2–C7 range of motion (ROM) recovery, and less adjacent ROM increase.

Materials and Methods:

Between 2004 and 2006, 40 patients undergoing 2-level cervical disk surgery at our hospital were identified as 2-level degenerative disk disease. Forty patients were included in the previous study; 35 patients were followed up for 5 years. Patients completed the NDI and graded their pain intensity before surgery and at routine postoperative until 5 years. Dynamic cervical radiographs were obtained before surgery and at routine postoperative intervals and the angular ROM for C2–C7 and adjacent segments was measured.

Results:

The HS group had better NDI recovery until 3 years after surgery (P<0.05). Postoperative neck pain was lower in the HS group at 1 and 3 years after surgery (P<0.05), but arm pain relief was not differently relieved. The HS group showed more angular ROM for C2–C7 at 2 and 3 years after surgery. The superior adjacent segment ROM showed hypermobility in the 2-ACDF group and hypomobility in the HS group at all follow-up periods without statistically significance, but the inferior adjacent segment ROM differed significantly (P<0.05).

Conclusion:

HS is superior to 2-ACDF; it leads to better NDI recovery, less postoperative neck pain, faster C2–C7 ROM recovery, and less adjacent ROM increase over a 2-year follow-up, but these benefits of HS become similar to those of 2-ACDF with 5 years of follow-up.

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