Comparison of Xenon with LED illuminant in difficult and inhalation injury airway scenario: A randomized crossover manikin study

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Abstract

Purpose:

The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of a Xenon halogen with a light-emitting diode (LED) laryngoscope light handle in a difficult airway scenario, as well as in an inhalation injury airway scenario that combines a difficult airway and a limited view.

Methods:

We recruited forty-two anesthetists into a randomized crossover trial. Each performed tracheal intubation (TI) with a Xenon halogen and a LED light handle in the two manikin scenarios. The primary endpoint was the “time to intubate”. Other endpoints were the “time to vocal cords”, the “time to ventilate”, the rate of successful intubation, the number of intubation attempts, the Cormack-Lehane score, the number of optimization maneuvers, the number of audible dental click sounds indicating dental damage and subjective impressions.

Results:

In the difficult airway scenario, no significant differences in the recorded intubation times were observed. In the inhalation injury airway scenario, the intubation times were significantly shorter using the LED light handle. Regarding the subjective values, the LED illuminant enabled a significant better view and illumination of the oropharyngeal space and the vocal cords, in both manikin scenarios.

Conclusion:

The LED laryngoscope light handle did not affect the recorded intubation times in the simulated difficult airway scenario, but provided significant advantages in the inhalation injury airway scenario that combines a difficult airway with a limited view caused by a sooted pharynx. We therefore hypothesize, that the LED illuminant might be beneficial in the airway management of burn patients with severe inhalation injury.

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