Preoperatively Dilated Ureters are a Specific Risk Factor for the Development of Ureteroenteric Strictures after Open Radical Cystectomy and Ileal Neobladder

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Abstract

Purpose:

We evaluated preoperative ureteral obstruction as a risk factor for benign ureteroenteric anastomosis strictures in patients who underwent open radical cystectomy and ileal neobladder diversion.

Materials and Methods:

A total of 953 patients in whom bilateral ileoureterostomy was performed between January 1986 and March 2009 formed the study population. A nonrefluxing Le Duc technique was applied in 357 consecutive patients and a refluxing Wallace type technique was applied in 596. We defined ureteroenteric anastomosis stricture as the need for specific therapy (eg stenting, dilatation or reimplantation) or as proven loss of renal function. Kaplan-Meier analysis was done to calculate the likelihood of ureteroenteric anastomosis stricture development.

Results:

Median followup in the study population was 65 months. Preoperatively 109 patients had unilateral or bilateral obstructed ureters. Unilateral or bilateral obstruction developed in 107 of the 953 patients (127 reno-ureteral units, including 63 on the right side and 64 on the left side). Of the reno-ureteral units 98 had benign and 29 had malignant ureteroenteric anastomosis strictures. The overall stricture rate due to any cause in preoperatively obstructed ureters was 19.3% at 10 years vs 6.4% in preoperatively undilated ureters. For the refluxing Wallace type technique the 10-year ureteroenteric anastomosis stricture rate was 2.4% for preoperatively undilated and 7.6% for preoperatively obstructed ureters. For the nonrefluxing technique the corresponding rates at 10 years were 14.2% and 35.54%, respectively.

Conclusions:

Preoperatively obstructed ureters are at significantly higher risk for benign ureteroenteric anastomosis strictures during the postoperative course after ileal neobladder diversion. Most such Le Duc strictures are bilateral and most such Wallace type strictures are unilateral. The risk of ureteroenteric anastomosis stricture after ureteroenterostomy using the nonrefluxing technique is threefold the risk of the refluxing technique. There was no preponderance of left ureteroenteric anastomosis strictures after each technique.

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