Relation between sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and micronutrient intake in a prospective study
Micronutrient dilution following sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption can lead to a qualitative impoverishment of a dietary pattern. The aim of this prospective study was to investigate the relation between SSB consumption and micronutrients. A total 562 adults were tested in 2002 and 2012 for the same anthropometric, lifestyle and nutritional intake activity parameters. Calcium, iron and magnesium intake decreased with increasing baseline SSB intake, and with increasing SSB consumption during the 10 years. A 100 ml increase in SSB consumption was associated with a 22 mg lower intake of calcium, 0.4 mg of iron and 9 mg of magnesium. There was no relation between vitamins and SSB consumption. In conclusion, there was limited evidence in our study, which suggests SSB have minimal dilutional effect on dietary micronutrient consumption. A major limitation of the present study is that of the original 1569 participants in 2002, 36% returned for participation in 2012.