Serum PLR and LMR in Behçet's disease: Can they show the disease activity?

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Abstract

The aim of this study is to determine platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and lymphocytes to monocytes ratio (LMR) levels in Behçet's disease (BD) and to investigate their relationships with disease activity.

Hematological and inflammatory parameters including high-sensitivity C-reactive proteins (hs-CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), PLR, and LMR were examined in BD and healthy controls.

Data from 140 patients with BD (108 with active and 32 with inactive disease) and 107 controls were enrolled. PLR (153.21 ± 65.44, 106.20 ± 28.91, P <.001, respectively) was remarkably higher, whereas LMR (5.37 ± 5.47, 8.95 ± 5.84, P <.001, respectively) was significantly lower in BD than in controls. Active BD patients had significantly higher PLR (159.20 vs 131.14, P = .037), ESR (38.30 vs 24.55, P = .017), and hs-CRP (30.20 vs 17.21, P = .027) than those with inactive BD. However, no significant difference in LMR was found between the groups. Moreover, PLR was positively correlated with BDCAF (r = 0.193, P <.05), hs-CRP (r = 0.402, P <.01), and ESR (r = 0.284, P <.01), whereas LMR was negatively correlated with BDCAF (r = –0.175, P <.05), hs-CPR (r = –0.263, P <.01), and ESR (r = –0.175, P <.05). Additionally, both PLR and LMR were shown to be independent factors for BD by multivariate logistic regression analysis. Furthermore, a PLR level of 124.63 was determined as the best cut-off value by ROC analysis (sensitivity 64.3%, specificity 78.0%, and the area under the ROC curve 0. 753).

PLR was elevated in active BD as compared to inactive BD. PLR may be a reliable, cost-effective, and novel potential parameter to help evaluate disease activity in BD.

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