Efficacy of Intratympanic Gentamicin in Menière's Disease With and Without Migraine

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Abstract

Objective:

To compare the efficacy of intratympanic gentamicin injection (ITG) on vertigo control, drop attacks, and functional level in Menière's disease patients with and without a history of migraine.

Patients:

Menière's disease patients (patients with migraine and age- and sex-matched control patients without migraine) treated from 2002 to 2012 who failed medical management and received ITG, with a minimum 2-year follow up.

Intervention:

ITG.

Main Outcome Measures:

Vertigo control, drop attack prevalence, and change in functional level.

Results:

Twenty-eight Menière's disease patients were included in this study (14 with migraine and 14 matched patients without migraine). There were three men and 11 women in each groups, with a mean age of 53 ± 8.9 years. Baseline characteristics (Menière's stage, vertigo frequency, drop attack prevalence, and functional level) before ITG were not significantly different between the two groups. Two years after ITG, 71% of Menière's disease with migraine patients and 78% of Menière's disease without migraine patients had class A, B, or C vertigo control (p > 0.999). Change in prevalence of drop attacks (43–7% versus 50–0%, respectively) was also similar (p > 0.999). However, significantly fewer vertigo control class A, B, and C migraine patients achieved functional level 1 or 2 (40%) compared with non-migraine patients (91%) (p = 0.007).

Conclusions:

Although ITG appears equally effective in treating vertigo and drop attacks in Menière's disease with and without migraine, patients with migraine derive significantly less benefit in terms of functional improvement.

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