Age, Sex, Body Mass Index, Education, and Social Support Influence Functional Results After Total Knee Arthroplasty

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Abstract

Introduction:

Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is an effective treatment for knee osteoarthritis. Patient-reported outcome after TKA is influenced by multiple patient-related factors. The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate preoperative patient-related factors and to compare the self-reported outcomes 1 year after TKA among groups differing by age, sex, body mass index (BMI), education, and social support level.

Methods:

314 patients, who underwent TKA in Vilnius Republican University Hospital between the end of 2012 and the middle of 2014, were included in a study. The preoperative and 12-month follow-up measurements were obtained using Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) and Short Form-12 (SF-12). Differences between patient groups according to gender, age, BMI, level of education, and level of social support were analyzed.

Results:

At 12-month follow-up men demonstrated better results than women in WOMAC (P = .003) and SF-12 both domains (P < .05). Patients with a higher social support demonstrated higher scores in physical function according to SF-12 (P = .008). Better preoperative WOMAC and SF-12 scores were a predictor of better outcome 1 year after surgery. There was no difference in postoperative scores in different age, BMI, and education groups according to WOMAC and SF-12.

Conclusion:

There is no difference in self-reported functional outcome between patient groups differing in age, BMI, and education. Men and socially supported patients demonstrate better postoperative functional results 12 months after TKA. Better preoperative knee function and overall physical and mental function are predictors of better outcome 1 year after TKA. Age and obesity should not be limiting factors when considering who should receive this surgery.

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