RETINOCHOROIDAL ANASTOMOSIS ASSOCIATED WITH ENHANCED S-CONE SYNDROME

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Abstract

Purpose:

To describe the phenotype and genotype of a 10-year-old boy affected with enhanced S-cone syndrome associated with neovascularization.

Methods:

Fundus autofluorescence, fluorescein angiography, indocyanine green angiography, spectral domain optical coherence tomography, full-field electroretinogram and NR2E3 molecular testing were performed.

Results:

Best-corrected visual acuity was measured as 20/32, right eye and 20/20, left eye. Fluorescein and indocyanine green angiographies showed unilateral macular retinochoroidal anastomosis on his right eye, and spectral domain optical coherence tomography showed typical signs of subretinal exudation and foveolar pseudoschisis consistent with the diagnosis of enhanced S-cone syndrome. Genetic analysis revealed biparental transmission of mutations in the enhanced S-cone syndrome-causing gene, NR2E3, namely, c.194_202del (p.Asn65_Cys67del), and c.932 G>A (p.Arg311Gln), supporting an autosomal recessive inheritance. The patient received three intravitreal injections of anti-VEGF agents.

Conclusion:

Evidence of retinochoroidal anastomosis in an individual affected with enhanced S-cone syndrome supports the view that neovascularization can occur early in the course of the disease, and raises the question to know whether it might be responsible for previously described enhanced S-cone syndrome-associated hemorrhage-induced fibrosis.

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