National Trends and In-Hospital Outcomes of Patients With Solid Organ Transplant Undergoing Spinal Fusion

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Study Design.

A retrospective analysis of population-based national hospital discharge data collected for the Nationwide Inpatient Sample.


To examine the demographics and in-hospital outcomes of patients with solid organ transplant (SOT) undergoing spinal fusion on a national level.

Summary of Background Data.

Solid organ transplantation has become more common in recent years and some of these patients undergo spinal fusion surgery. There is, however, little information regarding the trends and outcomes in such patients.


Clinical data were derived from the US Nationwide Inpatient Sample between 2000 and 2009. Patients with or without SOT who underwent spinal fusion were identified. Data regarding, patient- and healthcare system−related characteristics, comorbidities, in-hospital complications, and mortality were retrieved and analyzed. In-hospital outcomes were compared between patients with or without SOT and analyzed with the use of multivariate logistic regression.


A total of 5984 patients with SOT underwent spinal fusion in the United States during the last decade. From 2000 to 2009, population growth-adjusted incidence of patients with SOT who underwent spinal fusion has increased more than two fold (0.102 in 2000 to 0.236 in 2009, per 100,000, P < 0.001). Comparison between patients with or without SOT showed that patients with SOT had significantly higher overall in-hospital complication rate (22.4% vs. 9.5%) and in-hospital mortality rate (1.3% vs. 0.3%). Graft versus host disease occurred in 0.7% of patients with SOT undergoing spinal fusion. Patients with SOT had a significant higher risk of urinary and renal complications and overall in-hospital complications.


During the last decade, the incidence of patients with SOT undergoing spinal fusion has increased in the United States. In-hospital outcomes of patients with SOT undergoing spinal fusion were inferior to those of patients without SOT.


Level of Evidence: 3

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