CpG island methylator phenotype identifies high risk patients among microsatellite stableBRAFmutated colorectal cancers

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The prognostic value of CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP) in colorectal cancer remains unsettled. We aimed to assess the prognostic value of this phenotype analyzing a total of 1126 tumor samples obtained from two Norwegian consecutive colorectal cancer series. CIMP status was determined by analyzing the 5-markersCAGNA1G,IGF2,NEUROG1,RUNX3and SOCS1 by quantitative methylation specific PCR (qMSP). The effect of CIMP on time to recurrence (TTR) and overall survival (OS) were determined by uni- and multivariate analyses. Subgroup analyses were conducted according to MSI andBRAFmutation status, disease stage, and also age at time of diagnosis (<60, 60-74, ≥75 years). Patients with CIMP positive tumors demonstrated significantly shorter TTR and worse OS compared to those with CIMP negative tumors (multivariate hazard ratio [95% CI] 1.86 [1.31-2.63] and 1.89 [1.34-2.65], respectively). In stratified analyses, CIMP tumors showed significantly worse outcome among patients with microsatellite stable (MSS,P < 0.001), and MSSBRAFmutated tumors (P < 0.001), a finding that persisted in patients with stage II, III or IV disease, and that remained significant in multivariate analysis (P < 0.01). Consistent results were found for all three age groups. To conclude, CIMP is significantly associated with inferior outcome for colorectal cancer patients, and can stratify the poor prognostic patients with MSSBRAFmutated tumors.

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