Residential Transience and Substance Use Disorder Are Independently Associated with Suicidal Thoughts, Plans, and Attempts in a Nationally Representative Sample of U.S. Adults

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Abstract

This study tests the association between past-year residential transience (RT), substance use disorder (SUD), major depressive episode (MDE), and suicidal outcomes in a nationally representative sample of noninstitutionalized, civilian, community-dwelling adults who participated in the 2008–2013 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health. RT, SUD, and MDE were each significantly associated with suicidal thoughts, plans, and attempts in models adjusted for each other and sociodemographic covariates. Because RT is independently associated with each suicidal outcome, even when there is no co-occurring SUD or MDE, assessment of RT should occur when screening for suicide.

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