Interannual study of spot urine-evaluated sodium excretion in young Japanese women.
The authors investigated interannual differences in the sodium excretion levels of young healthy Japanese women as estimated from spot urine analysis at Nakamura Gakuen University from 1995 to 2015. Participants included 4931 women aged 18 to 20 years who were classified into three time periods according to year of health check: first (1995-2001), second (2002-2007), and third (2008-2015). Estimated daily urinary sodium and potassium excretion levels and the sodium to potassium ratio were 120.6±31.9 mmol, 35.2±8.1 mmol, and 3.5±0.9, respectively. Adjusted for body weight, sodium excretion, and potassium excretion significantly decreased in the second and third period compared with the first period (P<.001). Systolic blood pressure also decreased in the same way between time periods (P<.001). Estimated urinary excretion levels of sodium and potassium in young Japanese women have decreased over the past 20 years independently of body weight.