The role and underlying mechanism of miR-186-5p in colorectal cancer remain unknown. The present study aims to examine the various cellular effects of miR-186-5p in the carcinogenesis of colorectal cancer. Also, the interacting targets and association of clinicopathological factors with miR-186-5p expression in patients with colorectal cancer were analysed.Methods:
The miR-186-5p expression levels in colorectal cancer tissues (n=126) and colon cancer cell lines (n=3) were analysed by real-time PCR. Matched non-neoplastic colorectal tissues and a non-neoplastic colonic epithelial cell line were used as controls. Various in vitro assays such as cell proliferation, wound healing and colony formation assays were performed to examine the miR-186-5p specific cellular effects. Western blots and immunohistochemistry analysis were performed to examine the modulation of FAM134B, PARP9 and KLF7 proteins expression.Results:
Significant high expression of miR-186-5p was noted in cancer tissues (p< 0.001) and cell lines (p<0.05) when compared to control tissues and cells. The majority of the patients with colorectal cancer (88/126) had shown overexpression of miR-186-5p. This miR-186-5p overexpression was predominantly noted with in cancer with distant metastasis (p=0.001), lymphovascular permeation (p=0.037), microsatellite instability (MSI) stable (p=0.015), in distal colorectum (p=0.043) and with associated adenomas (p=0.047). Overexpression of miR-186-5p resulted in increased cell proliferation, colony formation, wound healing capacities and induced alteration of cell cycle kinetics in colon cancer cells. On the other hand, inhibition of endogenous miR-186-5p reduced the cancer growth properties. miR-186-5p overexpression reduced FAM134B expression significantly in the cancer cells (p<0.01). Also, FAM134B and miR-186-5p expressions are inversely correlated in colorectal cancer tissues and cells.Conclusion:
The miR-186-5p expression promotes colorectal cancer pathogenesis by regulating tumour suppressor FAM134B. Reduced cancer cells growth followed by inhibition of miR-186-5p highlights the potential of miR-186-5p inhibitor as a novel strategy for targeting colorectal cancer initiation and progression.