Alterations in nuclear pore complex (NPC) genes have been previously associated with response to chemotherapy. Using agnostic exome sequencing, we envisioned that new alleles in NPC genes, predictive of sensitivity to platinum treatment, could be discovered.Methods
Twenty-two platinum-sensitive and six platinum-resistant ovarian cancer patients were tested. Platinum sensitivity was defined as disease-free survival greater than 6 months. Next-generation sequencing of exomes was used to compare platinum-sensitive and platinum-resistant patients. Single nucleotide variants (SNVs) associated with platinum sensitivity in NPC genes (n=30 genes) were identified.Results
SNVs in three NPC genes were associated with response to platinum on univariate analysis. SNV rs79419059 (10T>C) in Nucleoporin 107 (Nup107) was associated with platinum resistance (P=0.0061), whereas rs2302811 (3662-4A>G) in Nucleoporin 188 (Nup188) and rs77246077 (3420-67T>A) in Nucleoporin 214 (Nup214) were associated with platinum sensitivity (P=0.0483 and 0.0091, respectively). Controlling for other confounders, multivariate age-adjusted Cox proportional hazard analysis showed rs79419059 to be significantly associated with platinum resistance (odds ratio: 4.519, 95% confidence interval: 1.317–15.501, P=0.0457).Conclusion
We identified a variant in the 3′-UTR region Nup107 unique to sensitivity to platinum in ovarian cancer. With validation of this variant, it is possible that a new marker predictive of patient response may be identified.