Clinical outcome of laminoplasty for cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament with K-line (−) in the neck neutral position but K-line (+) in the neck extension position: A retrospective observational study

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Abstract

Patients with cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) who are K-line (−) are thought to have poor clinical outcomes after laminoplasty. The aim of this study is to compare the clinical results of patients with OPLL who were K-line (−) in the neck neutral position but K-line (+) in the neck extension position (NEP group) with patients with OPLL who were K-line (+) in the neck neutral position (NNP group).

Retrospectively, 42 patients who underwent cervical laminoplasty for OPLL by our surgical group during 2012 and 2013 were reviewed and were followed for at least 2 years. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to K-line status. Standing plain radiographs of the cervical spine were obtained pre- and postoperatively. Cervical spine alignment parameters included the C2–7 Cobb angle and range of motion (ROM) measured on lateral radiographs. Clinical evaluation included pre- and postoperative JOA, NDI, and VAS scores.

Ten patients were classified in the NEP group, and 32 patients were classified in the NNP group. Preoperatively, the OPLL involved segments were 4.10 ± 1.66 in the NEP group and 2.53 ± 1.16 in the NNP group (P = .005). The canal-occupying ratios were 58.40 ± 11.11% in the NEP group and 29.08 ± 11.38% in the NNP group (P < .001). The mean Cobb angle of both the groups had not changed significantly at the last follow-up. The mean cervical ROM of both the groups had decreased at the last follow-up. The mean JOA score of the NEP group improved significantly from 9.70 ± 2.16 to 12.50 ± 2.27 (P = .014). The mean JOA score of the NNP group improved significantly from 11.91 ± 1.69 to 14.93 ± 1.58 (P < .001). The mean JOA recovery rate was 32.71 ± 40.45% in the NEP group and 59.00 ± 33.80% in the NNP group (P = .036). The NDI scores of both groups were significantly decreased, and the VAS scores of both groups had not changed significantly at the last follow-up.

Laminoplasty is a relatively effective and safe procedure for patients with K-line (−) in the neck neutral position but K-line (+) in the neck extension position. Instead of anterior surgery, we recommend laminoplasty for those patients with OPLL extending to 3 or more segments.

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