Comparison of mid-term efficacy of spastic flatfoot in ambulant children with cerebral palsy by 2 different methods

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

To compare the treatment efficacy of spastic flatfoot surgery by 2 different surgical methods: nonfusion subtalar arthroereisis using subtalar joint stabilizer (SJS) and Dennyson–Fulford subtalar arthrodesis (D-FSA).

A total of 26 cases of ambulant children with cerebral palsy diagnosed as spastic flatfoot were surgically treated from January 2011 to December 2014. Preoperative and postoperative American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society-Ankle and Hindfoot (AOFAS-AH) scores, anteroposterior–talocalcaneal angles (ATAs), and lateral talar-first metatarsal angles (Meary angles) of the affected foot were recorded.

Among 12 children in the SJS group, the AOFAS-AH scores were median preoperative score of 61 (58–64) versus median postoperative score of 83 (75–92), with significant difference (P < .05). Of the 20 feet treated, only 1 foot developed occasional pain. Postoperative ATA was decreased from preoperative 35° (20°–50°) to 19° (12°–25°); lateral X-ray films showed that the Meary angle was decreased from preoperative 20° (15°–40°) to postoperative 0° (0°–3°). The differences in both findings were statistically significant (P < .05). Fourteen children (22 treated feet) formed the D-FSA group; all demonstrated fusion of the talocalcaneal joint; AOFAS-AH scores were median preoperative score of 61 (58–64) versus median postoperative score of 83 (75–92), with significant difference (P < .05). Only 1 foot had occasional pain. Postoperative ATA was decreased from preoperative 35° (20°–45°) to 16° (12°–25°); lateral X-ray films showed that the Meary angle was decreased from preoperative 19° (10°–40°) to postoperative 2° (0°–5°); the differences in both findings were statistically significant (P < .05).

Both nonfusion subtalar arthroereisis using SJS and D-FSA were effective for the surgical treatment of spastic flatfoot, with similar clinical outcomes.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles