Predictability and stability of laser-assisted subepithelial keratectomy with mitomycin C for the correction of high myopia

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the predictability and stability of laser-assisted subepithelial keratectomy (LASEK) with mitomycin C (MMC) in correction of high myopia (≤−6.0 diopters [D]) as compared to low-to-moderate myopia (>−6.0 D).

This is a retrospective, comparative, cohort study which included 43 eyes of 43 consecutive patients who underwent LASEK with MMC in a private hospital in Hong Kong by a single surgeon. Twenty-five eyes had high myopia (mean spherical equivalent [SE] = −8.53 ± 1.82 D) and 18 eyes had low-to-moderate myopia (mean SE = −3.99 ± 1.37 D) before surgery.

In terms of refractive predictability, mean SE was significantly better in eyes with preoperative low-to-moderate myopia than high myopia at 6 months (0.04 ± 0.23 vs 0.31 ± 0.52 D, P = .035). In terms of refractive stability, between 1 and 3 months, both groups had mean absolute change of SE of around 0.25 D. Between 3 and 6 months, preoperative low-to-moderate myopia group had significantly less absolute change of SE compared to high myopia group (0.07 vs 0.23 D, P = .003). More eyes with preoperative high myopia changed SE by more than 0.25 D than those with low-to-moderate myopia between 3 and 6 months (32.0% vs 5.6%, P = .057).

In conclusion, LASEK with MMC is more unpredictable and unstable in correction of high myopia than low-to-moderate myopia. The refractive outcome of most low-to-moderate myopia correction stabilizes at 3 months. Stability is not achieved until after 6 months in high myopia correction.

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