Surgical Management of Percutaneous Transfemoral Access to Minimize Vascular Complications Related to Transcatheter Aortic Valve‘ Implantation
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is associated with substantial rates of vascular complications. The aim of our study is to describe the surgical management of percutaneous transfemoral access by a vascular surgeon and to report the 30-day postoperative vascular complications and mortality. Perioperative procedures to manage the femoral access site were recorded retrospectively from 220 consecutive patients who underwent TAVI. Postoperative vascular complications related to the main access were categorized according to the Valve Academic Research Consortium 2 classification. Perioperative procedures related to vascular access were performed for 56 (25.4%) patients: 6 patients required open surgical repair, 48 patients underwent endovascular stenting, and 2 patients had both procedures. The all-cause mortality was 3.6%, but no death related to a vascular complication was reported during the 30-day postoperative follow-up period. Ten (4.5%) patients developed postoperative hematomas; 2 (0.9%) of them were retroperitoneal and led to major bleeding requiring an unplanned surgical intervention. Our study underlines the utility of a multidisciplinary approach to manage the percutaneous access in TAVI for managing postoperative vascular complications.