Prolongation of Biologic Dosing Intervals in Patients With Stable Psoriasis: A Feasibility Study

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Abstract

Background:

Biologics are usually licensed according to the “one dose fits all” principle. It is therefore suspected that a significant number of patients with psoriasis are overtreated. However, evidence for successful dose reduction of biologics in psoriasis is scarce. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the dosing interval of 3 biologics, adalimumab, etanercept, or ustekinumab could be prolonged successfully in patients with plaque psoriasis.

Methods:

In a prospective exploratory cohort study, 59 patients with psoriasis on maintenance treatment with adalimumab, etanercept, or ustekinumab were included. After a run-in period of 6 weeks, the dosing interval of the biologics was prolonged according to a predefined schedule. Our primary objective was to determine the proportion of patients who could maintain a successful prolongation of the per label dosing interval. Secondary objectives were to evaluate the predictive value of baseline serum trough concentrations for successful dosing interval prolongation and to explore the feasibility of dosing interval prolongations in off-label-treated patients.

Results:

In the per label group, 7 out of 16 (44%) adalimumab patients, 5 out of 16 (31%) etanercept patients, and 2 out of 10 (20%) ustekinumab patients achieved a successful dosing interval prolongation. Baseline serum trough concentrations did not differ significantly between patients with successful dosing interval prolongation and failures. In the off-label group, prolongation in patients with already extended intervals was unsuccessful. For patients with shortened intervals, minor prolongation was successful in 3 out of 17 (17.6%) patients.

Conclusions:

Prolongation of the per label biologic dosing interval was feasible in approximately 30% of patients with psoriasis with stable minimal disease activity and can reduce costs in clinical practice. Baseline serum trough concentrations were not predictive for successful dosing interval prolongation.

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