INTERMEDIATE UVEITIS ASSOCIATED WITH PERIODIC FEVER, APHTHOUS STOMATITIS, PHARYNGITIS, AND CERVICAL ADENITIS SYNDROME

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Abstract

Background/Purpose:

To report two novel cases of intermediate uveitis associated with Periodic Fever, Aphthous Stomatitis, Pharyngitis, and Cervical Adenitis syndrome.

Methods:

Observational case reports and review of the literature.

Results:

Both patients in this report had an established diagnosis of Periodic Fever, Aphthous Stomatitis, Pharyngitis, and Cervical Adenitis syndrome before the onset of ocular inflammation. Infectious and noninfectious systemic conditions known to be associated with intermediate uveitis were excluded. Intermediate uveitis was confirmed clinically in both patients by the presence of vitritis, snowballs, and peripheral snowbanks in the region of the pars plana. Both cases had a course characterized by recurrent inflammation; in which systemic steroid treatment, and in one case, immunomodulatory therapy was necessary.

Conclusion:

Periodic Fever, Aphthous Stomatitis, Pharyngitis, and Cervical Adenitis syndrome is an auto-inflammatory fever disorder in childhood. Although other auto-inflammatory disorders such as, Blau syndrome, Muckle-Wells syndrome, and Behcets disease have been associated with various forms of uveitis, Periodic Fever, Aphthous Stomatitis, Pharyngitis, and Cervical Adenitis has never been reported to be associated with any type of ocular inflammation. We describe for the first time, two cases of Periodic Fever, Aphthous Stomatitis, Pharyngitis, and Cervical Adenitis syndrome presenting with intermediate uveitis.

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