OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY FEATURES OF CHOROIDAL NEOVASCULARIZATION ASSOCIATED WITH CHOROIDAL NEVUS
To describe the imaging features of choroidal neovascularization (CNV) associated with choroidal nevus using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) imaging.Methods:
Retrospective observational case series. Patients with CNV secondary to choroidal nevus underwent full imaging examination including fundus photography, fluorescein angiography, indocyanine green angiography, spectral domain OCT, and OCT-A. The OCT-A features were analyzed and correlated with conventional angiography findings and spectral domain OCT.Results:
There were 11 eyes from 11 patients (6 men and 5 women, mean age of 65 ± 20.4 years) included in the analysis. Fluorescein angiography and indocyanine green angiography disclosed CNV in 90% and 83%, respectively. Optical coherence tomography angiography displayed CNV network in 11 eyes (100%) and the pattern was classified as “sea-fan” in 8 (73%) and “long filamentous linear vessels” in 3 (27%) eyes. Distinct from CNV, intrinsic vasculature within the nevus was observed in six eyes (55%), corresponding to those with chronic retinal pigment epithelium changes.Conclusion:
Optical coherence tomography angiography is a useful imaging technique to disclose CNV associated with choroidal nevus. Despite the presence of intraretinal or subretinal fluid and hemorrhage, OCT-A revealed the CNV in all cases, results noninferior to indocyanine green angiography. This imaging modality can be useful for analysis of long-standing nevi with related exudation.