Lateral Crural Tensioning for Refinement of the Nasal Tip and Increasing Alar Stability: A Case Series
The objective of this study was to discuss the technical details and our experiences with lateral crural tensioning (LCT) in both functional and aesthetic rhinoplasties. A retrospective medical review was completed for all patients who underwent rhinoplasty with LCT from the years 2011 to 2014. The indications for LCT included correction of lateral crural convexity, boxy tip geometry, and dynamic collapse of the external nasal valve. The details of the rhinoplasty procedure and complications were evaluated. A total of 114 LCT rhinoplasty cases were included in this series. The most common adjunctive maneuvers included placement of spreader grafts (92% of cases) and alar rim grafts (78% of cases). Conventional classic cephalic trim was not performed in any subjects and conservative paradomal cephalic trim was performed in 48% of cases. As experience with the technique progressed, the use of onlay tip grafts decreased and the use of articulated rim grafts increased. Indications for revision were dissatisfaction with cosmetic outcome (4.4% of cases) and nasal obstruction (0.9% of cases). LCT combines traditional lateral crural steal with the use of a caudal septal extension graft to refine the broad tip and increase stability of the alar lobule. This maneuver is essentially cartilage sparing and does not rely on extensive grafting maneuvers that can reduce airway area.