A Phase I Study of Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy With Nab-Paclitaxel, Doxorubicin, and Cyclophosphamide in Patients With Stage II to III Breast Cancer

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Abstract

Background:

The aims of this study were to assess the safety and tolerability of nanoparticle albumin bound paclitaxel (nab-paclitaxel), doxorubicin, and cyclophosphamide as combination therapy for breast cancer patients in the neoadjuvant setting and to assess the overall clinical response and pathologic complete response (pCR).

Patients and Methods:

Twenty-six women with newly diagnosed stage II to III histologically or cytologically proven adenocarcinoma of the breast with negative HER2 status were enrolled. Patients were treated with nab-paclitaxel 100 mg/m2, doxorubicin 50 mg/m2, and cyclophosphamide 500 mg/m2 on day 1 and nab-paclitaxel 100 mg/m2 on day 8 in a 21-day cycle for 6 cycles total.

Results:

Most adverse events attributed to treatment were decreased white blood cell count, neutropenia, anemia, thrombocytopenia, and lymphopenia with a median duration of 8 days. Fifteen of 23 (65.2%; 95% confidence interval [CI], 45.7%-84.6%) had a complete clinical response and 8 of 23 (34.7%; 95% CI, 15.2%-54.1%) had a partial clinical response for an overall clinical response rate of 100%. Thirteen of 23 patients (56.5%; 95% CI, 36.2%-76.7%) had a pCR. All 10 triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) patients (100%) achieved a pCR.

Conclusion:

The regimen of nab-paclitaxel, doxorubicin, and cyclophosphamide chemotherapy was well tolerated and resulted in high clinical as well as pathologic responses, particularly in TNBC.

Micro-Abstract:

We investigated a novel combinatorial approach using old drugs doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide and nab-paclitaxel in the neoadjuvant setting. Patients were enrolled in Alabama and Utah in a standard 3+3 phase I design. The clinical response rate was 100%; the pathologic complete response (pCR) was over 56%. All 10 patients with triple negative disease (TNBC) achieved pCR (100%). Toxicities were as expected for chemotherapy. This approach warrants further studies in TNBC.

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