Low incidence of severe cGvHD and late NRM in a phase II trial of thymoglobulin, tacrolimus and sirolimus for GvHD prevention
Chronic GvHD (cGvHD) is the leading cause of late non-relapse mortality (NRM) and morbidity after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (AHSCT). We analyzed the late effects of a phase II trial testing the efficacy of intermediate dose rabbit anti-thymocyte globulin (Thymoglobulin Thymo) in combination with tacrolimus and sirolimus (TTS) in 47 patients (pts) for the prevention of acute and chronic GvHD after unrelated AHSCT. The median follow-up was 45.2 months. The cumulative incidence of NIH severe cGvHD at 48 months was 6.4% with no new occurrences past 6 months for the entire follow-up period. The overall cumulative incidence of cGvHD was 44.7%. Out of 20 pts who are alive and disease-free at the last follow-up, only 4 pts continue to need systemic immune suppression. We observed low late NRM with only 3 transplant-related deaths after 6 months post transplant. At 4 years of follow-up, the overall cumulative incidence of NRM and disease relapse was 27.7% and 30.0%, respectively. PFS and overall survival (OS) at 4 years were 42 and 47%. At long term follow-up, TTS was associated with low incidence of severe cGvHD and late NRM.