Delayed Presentation of Isolated Sagittal Synostosis With Raised Intracranial Pressure and Secondary Chiari Malformation With Cervical Syringomyelia
Sagittal craniosynostosis (SC) is the most common type of premature suture fusion presenting in approximately 1 in every 5000 births with a 3:1 male:female ratio. The most common indication for surgery is the improvement of the cosmetic appearance of the skull, since a cranial deformation may have a significant psychosocial impact on affected patients. Relief from raised intracranial pressure is a further indication for surgery, although an increased intracranial pressure (ICP) can be demonstrated only in a minority of affected children at diagnosis. It is even more rare to have Chiari malformations (CMs) secondary to ICP in an isolated SC, as shown in a study by Strahle et al (Neurosurg Focus 2011;31:E2), demonstrating only 5 (3%) of the 183 with isolated sagittal synostosis having a CM. The authors present the rare case of a 4-year-old boy presenting late with raised intracranial pressure (40 mm Hg) and his management with 1 stage vault expansion and decompression of CM.