Comparison of Revision Rates of Anterior- and Posterior-Approach Ptosis Surgery: A Retrospective Review of 1519 Cases

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Abstract

Purpose:

To compare revision rates for ptosis surgery between posterior-approach and anterior-approach ptosis repair techniques.

Methods:

This is the retrospective, consecutive cohort study. All patients undergoing ptosis surgery at a high-volume oculofacial plastic surgery practice over a 4-year period. A retrospective chart review was conducted of all patients undergoing posterior-approach and anterior-approach ptosis surgery for all etiologies of ptosis between 2011 and 2014. Etiology of ptosis, concurrent oculofacial surgeries, revision, and complications were analyzed. The main outcome measure is the ptosis revision rate.

Results:

A total of 1519 patients were included in this study. The mean age was 63 ± 15.4 years. A total of 1056 (70%) of patients were female, 1451 (95%) had involutional ptosis, and 1129 (74.3%) had concurrent upper blepharoplasty. Five hundred thirteen (33.8%) underwent posterior-approach ptosis repair, and 1006 (66.2%) underwent anterior-approach ptosis repair. The degree of ptosis was greater in the anterior-approach ptosis repair group. The overall revision rate for all patients was 8.7%. Of the posterior group, 6.8% required ptosis revision; of the anterior group, 9.5% required revision surgery. The main reason for ptosis revision surgery was undercorrection of one or both eyelids. Concurrent brow lifting was associated with a decreased, but not statistically significant, rate of revision surgery. Patients who underwent unilateral ptosis surgery had a 5.1% rate of Hering’s phenomenon requiring ptosis repair in the contralateral eyelid. Multivariable logistic regression for predictive factors show that, when adjusted for gender and concurrent blepharoplasty, the revision rate in anterior-approach ptosis surgery is higher than posterior-approach ptosis surgery (odds ratio = 2.08; p = 0.002).

Conclusions:

The overall revision rate in patients undergoing ptosis repair via posterior-approach or anterior-approach techniques is 8.7%. There is a statistically higher rate of revision with anterior-approach ptosis repair.

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