Effects of Fluticasone Furoate Nasal Spray on Parameters of Eosinophilic Inflammation in Patients With Nasal Polyposis and Perennial Allergic Rhinitis

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Abstract

Objectives:

Regulated on activation normal T cell expressed and secreted (RANTES) and eotaxin-2 have been postulated to be responsible for eosinophilia in chronically inflamed nasal mucosa. This study evaluated mucosal production of RANTES and eotaxin-2 in patients with perennial allergic rhinitis (PAR) and nonallergic and allergic form of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) before and after nasal corticosteroid treatment.

Methods:

Twenty patients with PAR, 20 nonallergic and 20 allergic CRSwNP patients, and 20 healthy controls were included. The RANTES and eotaxin-2 levels were measured in nasal secretion samples. The patients with chronic inflammation were treated with fluticasone furoate nasal spray for 2 weeks. Cytological examination and measurement of RANTES and eotaxin-2 in nasal fluid were performed before and after the treatment.

Results:

The levels of RANTES were higher in patients with PAR (P < .05) and nonallergic (P < .01) and allergic CRSwNP patients (P < .001) compared to controls. Eotaxin-2 levels were higher in all 3 inflammation groups compared to healthy subjects (P < .001). After the treatment, we found a significant decrease of RANTES and eotaxin-2 concentrations (P < .001) in all 3 groups of patients.

Conclusion:

The levels of RANTES and eotaxin-2 in nasal fluid could be reliable markers for assessing corticosteroid administration outcomes.

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