Perioperative Imaging in Corneal Surgery (Intraoperative and Postoperative)
Advances in imaging technology have greatly improved the diagnosis and treatment of corneal and anterior segment pathology. Imaging tools, such as anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT), are now integrated into preoperative planning and in the operating room, thus allowing for more informed surgical planning and improved visualization during more challenging cases. The integration of intraoperative OCT (iOCT) has led to a safer and more efficient surgery. Imaging techniques have also been incorporated after surgery to better monitor a patient’s postoperative course and to determine whether further surgical intervention is required. This addition to postoperative monitoring can often identify complications earlier and with greater accuracy than slit-lamp examination alone. The following review describes intraoperative and perioperative imaging techniques that have advanced the treatment of anterior segment and corneal pathology.