Colonic Parasitic Infection Mimicking Peritoneal Seeding on 18F-FDG PET/CT

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Abstract

A 77-year-old man with anorexia and weight loss for 6 months received a diagnosis of gastric cancer by endoscopy and referred for 18F-FDG PET/CT for initial staging. 18F-FDG PET/CT showed multiple foci of increased FDG uptake with diffuse wall thickening and multiple diverticula. The differential diagnoses were peritoneal seeding and multiple diverticulitis. The patient underwent curative total gastrectomy, and the lesion was diagnosed as poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma by histological examination. He underwent anterior resection of the sigmoid colon for exploration. The nodular lesions of the sigmoid colon were diagnosed by histopathologic examination as chronic diverticulitis caused by a parasitic infection.

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