NEOVASCULARIZATION SECONDARY TO HIGH MYOPIA IMAGED BY OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY

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Abstract

Purpose:

To describe the optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) characteristics of active myopic choroidal neovascularization (CNV) and to compare its sensitivity versus fluorescein angiography and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography.

Methods:

Consecutive highly myopic patients complicated with active myopic CNV were prospectively included. The OCTA features were analyzed and correlated with the findings of conventional imaging (spectral-domain optical coherence tomography and fluorescein angiography).

Results:

Twenty eyes of 19 patients (mean age: 59.6 ± 12.1 years, mean spherical equivalent: −13.5 ± 3.6 diopters) presenting with both treatment-naive CNV and recurrent CNV were included in the analysis. The OCTA showed a 90% sensitivity for myopic CNV detection in 18 of 20 eyes, revealing a high-flow neovascular network accurately visible using a 30-μm manual segmentation underneath Bruch membrane. Mean selected area of myopic CNV on OCTA images was 0.34 ± 0.45 mm2, whereas the mean vessel area was 0.22 ± 0.27 mm2. Two neovascular phenotypes prevailed in our series: disorganized vascular loops and organized interlacing patterns.

Conclusion:

The OCTA seems to be a valuable tool in detecting myopic CNV with a high sensitivity. However, its specificity needs to be investigated in further studies.

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