POSTTRAUMATIC ENDOPHTHALMITIS: An 18-Year Case Series

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Abstract

Purpose:

To describe the demographics, characteristics, management, and visual outcomes of eyes diagnosed with endophthalmitis after open globe injury.

Methods:

Retrospective cohort analysis of all patients diagnosed with endophthalmitis after open globe injury from 1997 to 2015 at University Hospital, Newark, NJ.

Results:

Twenty-six eyes were identified (all male patients; mean age: 37 ± 15 years). Cultures were positive in 16 eyes (62%), with Staphylococcus species (7 eyes, 44%) being the most common organism. Twelve eyes (46%) presented with open globe injury and concurrent endophthalmitis; 14 eyes (54%) developed endophthalmitis a mean of 14 days after open globe repair (OGR; 1 outlier of 98 days excluded). All eyes were managed with systemic and intravitreal antibiotics. The presence of intraocular foreign body (P < 0.05) and delayed primary OGR (P < 0.03) were significantly more common with concurrent versus post-OGR endophthalmitis. Four (29%) eyes in the post-OGR endophthalmitis group had corneal wound leak after OGR. Four (15%) eyes with no light perception vision were enucleated. Ten (40%) of 25 eyes with documented best-corrected visual acuity had final best-corrected visual acuity ≥20/200; final best-corrected visual acuity ranged from no light perception to 20/20.

Conclusion:

The presence of intraocular foreign body and delayed presentation were significantly more common with concurrent endophthalmitis. Twenty-nine percent of eyes that presented with endophthalmitis after OGR had a wound leak. Final best-corrected visual acuity ≥20/200 was achieved in 40% of cases.

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