Thromboelastometry: Relation to the severity of liver cirrhosis in patients considered for liver transplantation
The severity of liver disease is assessed by scoring systems, which include the conventional coagulation test prothrombin time-the international normalized ratio (PT-INR). However, PT-INR is not predictive of bleeding in liver disease and thromboelastometry (ROTEM) has been suggested to give a better overview of the coagulation system in these patients. It has now been suggested that coagulation as reflected by tromboelastomety may also be used for prognostic purposes. The objective of our study was to investigate whether thrombelastometry may discriminate the degree of liver insufficiency according to the scoring systems Child Pugh and Model for End-stage Liver Disease (MELD).
Forty patients with chronic liver disease of different etiologies and stages were included in this observational cross-sectional study. The severity of liver disease was evaluated using the Child-Pugh score and the MELD score, and blood samples for biochemistry, conventional coagulation tests, and ROTEM were collected at the time of the final assessment for liver transplantation. Statistical comparisons for the studied parameters with scores of severity were made using Spearman correlation test and receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curves.
Spearman correlation coefficients indicated that the thromboelastometric parameters did not correlate with Child-Pugh or MELD scores. The ROC curves of the thromboelastometric parameters could not differentiate advanced stages from early stages of liver cirrhosis.
Standard ROTEM cannot discriminate the stage of chronic liver disease in patients with severe chronic liver disease.