Racial Disparities in Delivery Gestational Age among Twin Pregnancies
This study aims to estimate the association between maternal race and delivery gestational age among women with twin gestations.Study Design
Secondary analysis of a prospective, randomized control trial of 17-α hydroxyprogesterone caproate versus placebo for preterm birth (PTB) prevention in twin gestations. Non-Hispanic (NH) black and whites were included. Demographic and antenatal characteristics were compared. The primary outcome was delivery gestational age. Secondary outcomes included a composite of major neonatal morbidity. Kaplan-Meier curves estimated survival probabilities for delivery gestational age by race. Cox proportional hazards models estimated hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI).Results
A total of 535 women with twin gestations were included; 150 were NH black. NH blacks delivered earlier than NH whites (33.6 ± 4.8 weeks vs. 35.1 ± 3.5 weeks, p < 0.001). Differences in delivery gestational age between NH blacks and whites were consistent across gestation. In adjusted analyses, NH black race (HR: 1.24, 95% CI: 1.02-1.51), prior PTB (HR: 1.59, 95% CI: 1.15-2.19), and cerclage (HR: 3.90, 95% CI: 2.00-7.60) were associated with an increased risk of earlier delivery. Major neonatal morbidity was higher for NH blacks compared with NH whites (12.7 vs. 7.0%, p = 0.036).Conclusion
NH blacks with twin gestations have an increased risk of early delivery and neonatal morbidity compared with NH whites.