Evaluation of Cochlear Duct Length Computations Using Synchrotron Radiation Phase-Contrast Imaging

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Abstract

Hypothesis:

Evaluation of cochlear duct length (CDL) using novel imaging techniques will help improve the accuracy of existing CDL equations.

Background:

Various relationships relating A value measured from a patient's computed tomography scan and CDL have been proposed to aid in preoperative electrode selection and frequency mapping.

Methods:

Ten cadaveric temporal bones were scanned using synchrotron radiation phase-contrast imaging. Reference CDL values were calculated by placing points representing the organ of Corti (OC), lateral wall (LW), and electrode location (I) on the synchrotron radiation phase-contrast imaging slices along the length of the cochlea. The CDL estimates from the existing three equations (OC, LW, I) in addition to two newly proposed equations (OC and LW) were compared with reference CDL values at each respective location.

Results:

When compared with reference CDL values, the new OC equation improved the CDL estimates from a 6.2% error to a 5.1% error while the new LW equation improved the CDL estimate error from 3.9 to 3.6%. Bland–Altman plots revealed both new equations increased similarity to reference values and brought more samples to within clinically significant ranges. Validation of the original electrode location equation to the reference values showed a 4.6% difference.

Conclusion:

The newly proposed equations for LW and OC provided an improvement over past equations for determining CDL from the A value by showing improved agreement with reference values. Therefore, these equations can provide quick and accurate preoperative estimates of CDL for improving customized frequency mapping.

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