Supraventricular arrhythmias in patients with arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy associate with long-term outcome after catheter ablation of ventricular tachycardias

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Abstract

Aims

This study aimed to assess the impact of supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) on long-term results of radiofrequency catheter ablation therapy of ventricular tachycardia (VT) in a large cohort of patients with arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy (ARVD/C).

Methods and results

Supraventricular tachycardia occurrence has been studied in patients from our ARVD/C registry (70 patients, 48 male, age 53.2 ± 14.0, 45 patients (64.3%) with previous VT ablation). SVT were diagnosed in 26 of 70 patients (37.1%). Atrial fibrillation (AF) was the most frequent atrial arrhythmia, diagnosed in 17 patients (24.3%). In univariate analysis advanced age, clinical symptoms of heart failure, enlarged right atrium, diagnosis of significant tricuspid regurgitation (TR), and inappropriate implantable cardioverters-defibrillators therapy were associated with SVT. In binary logistic regression analysis only heart failure: hazard ratio (HR) 10.89, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.08–109.96 (P = 0.043) and significant TR: HR 4.79, 95% CI 1.35–16.33 (P = 0.015) remained associated with SVT. In patients with previous VT ablation Cox multiple regression survival analysis revealed older age (≥53 years): HR 4.63, 95% CI 1.51–14.24 (P = 0.008) and SVT: HR 3.01, 95% CI 1.15–7.89 (P = 0.025) as predictors for VT recurrence during the follow-up.

Conclusion

SVT and older age are associated with the recurrence of VT after catheter ablation in patients with ARVD/C.

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