Concurrent Use of Lumbar Total Disc Arthroplasty and Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion: The Lumbar Hybrid Procedure for the Treatment of Multilevel Symptomatic Degenerative Disc Disease

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Abstract

Study Design.

A prospective study.

Objective.

The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical and patient outcomes post combined total disc arthroplasty (TDA) and anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF), known as hybrid surgery for the treatment of multilevel symptomatic degenerative disc disease (DDD).

Summary of Background Data.

Class I studies comparing the treatment of one-level lumbar DDD with TDA and ALIF have confirmed the effectiveness of those treatments through clinical and patient outcomes. Although the success of single-level disease is well documented, the evidence relating to the treatment of multilevel DDD with these modalities is emerging. With the evolution of the TDA technology, a combined approach to multilevel disease has developed in the form of the hybrid procedure.

Methods.

A total of 617 patients underwent hybrid surgery for chronic back pain between July 1998 and February 2012. Visual Analog Pain Scale for the back and leg were recorded along with the Oswestry Disability Index and Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire.

Results.

Both statistically and clinically significant (p < 0.005) reductions were seen in back and leg pain, which were sustained for at least 8 years postsurgery. In addition, significant improvements (P < 0.001) in self-rated disability and function were also maintained for at least 8 years. Patient satisfaction was rated as good or excellent in >90% of cases.

Conclusion.

The results of this research indicate that improvements in both back and leg pain and function can be achieved using the hybrid lumbar reconstructive technique.

Conclusion.

Level of Evidence: 4

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