Infections from seven clinical trials of ixekizumab, an anti-interleukin-17A monoclonal antibody, in patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis*

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Abstract

Background

Infections are associated with biological therapies in psoriasis.

Objectives

To summarize the incidence of infections in patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis treated with ixekizumab, an anti-interleukin-17A monoclonal antibody.

Methods

Infections are summarized from an integrated database of seven controlled and uncontrolled ixekizumab psoriasis trials. Data are presented from placebo-controlled induction (weeks 0–12; UNCOVER-1, UNCOVER-2 and UNCOVER-3) and maintenance periods (weeks 12–60; UNCOVER-1 and UNCOVER-2), and all patients exposed to ixekizumab pooled from all seven trials. Comparisons with etanercept were made during the induction period of two trials (UNCOVER-2 and UNCOVER-3). Incidence and exposure-adjusted incidence rates (IRs) per 100 patient-years (PYs) are reported.

Results

Overall, 4209 patients were treated with ixekizumab (6480 PY). During induction (weeks 0–12), overall infection rates were higher in patients treated with ixekizumab (27%) vs. placebo (23%, P < 0·05); however, specific infection rates were comparable overall across treatment groups. IRs of infections did not increase with longer-term exposure. For all patients treated with ixekizumab (all seven trials), the incidence of serious infections was low (2%, IR 1·3). Candida infections, including eight cases of oesophageal candidiasis, were adequately managed with antifungal therapy, were noninvasive and did not lead to discontinuation.

Conclusions

Overall, infections occurred in a higher percentage of patients treated with ixekizumab vs. placebo during the first 12 weeks of treatment; however, specific infection rates were comparable overall across treatment groups. Incidences of serious infections were low and similar across treatment groups.

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