A C-type lectin, Nattectin-like protein (CaNTC) in Qihe crucian carpCarassius auratus: Binding ability with LPS, PGN and various bacteria, and agglutinating activity against bacteria
C-type lectins (CTLs), as the members of pattern-recognition receptors (PRRs), play the significant roles in innate immunity through binding with pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) on the surface of microbe. In the present study, a novel CTL, Nattectin-like protein (named as CaNTC), was investigated in Qihe crucian carp Carassius auratus. The full-length cDNA of CaNTC was composed of 776 bp, with a 152 bp 5′-untranslated region (UTR), a 492 bp ORF encoding a 163-aa protein, and a 132 bp 3′-UTR with a polyadenylation signal sequence AATAAA and a poly(A) tail. The deduced amino acid sequence of CaNTC contained a signal peptide, a single carbohydrate recognition domain (CRD) which had four conserved disulfide-bonded cysteine residues (Cys57-Cys150, Cys126-Cys142), and an EPN/WND motif required for carbohydrate-binding specificity. With regard to the mRNA transcript of CaNTC, it was predominately expressed in liver. The temporal expressions of CaNTC were obviously up-regulated in liver, spleen and head-kidney after challenged by Aeromonas hydrophila and poly I: C, respectively, and the change pattern was in the time-depended manner. The recombinant CaNTC (rCaNTC) purified from Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3), exhibited strong binding ability with LPS and PGN, as well as all tested bacteria in a Ca2+-independent manner. With regard to the agglutinating activity of rCaNTC, rCaNTC was able to agglutinate rabbit erythrocytes and three kinds of bacteria (Gram-negative bacteria, Escherichia coli and A. hydrophila, and Gram-positive bacteria Staphylococcus aureus) in a Ca2+-dependent manner. These findings collectively demonstrated that CaNTC, as a PRR, could be involved in the innate immunity and play an important role in immune defense of C. auratus.