The replication of spring viraemia of carp virus can be regulated by reactive oxygen species and NF-κB pathway
Different viruses could induced ROS generation to alter intracellular redox state in the host cells, and unbalanced redox state was suggested to have various effects on viral replication. In this study, we investigated the influence of reactive oxygen species (ROS) on replication of spring viraemia of carp virus (SVCV) in fish cells. After SVCV infection, there existed a time-dependent increase in ROS generation. The present results revealed that antioxidant N-acetyl-l-cysteine (NAC) resulted in a lower ROS levels and increased SVCV replication in EPC cell. In contrast, a GSH synthesis inhibitor buthionine sulfoximine (BSO) induced ROS generation and decreased SVCV replication. In addition, activation of NF-κB suppressed SVCV replication by using two inhibitors of cytokine-induced IκBα phosphorylation. More importantly, enhancement of the activity of NF-κB was found in BSO treatment, which indicated that dropped SVCV replication likely occurred via ROS activation of NF-κB. Overall, our results revealed that the SVCV infection and replication could generate ROS and be affected by the redox state, where this progression was associated with the alteration in NF-κB pathway induced by oxidative stress.