Development of an HIV Testing Dashboard to Complement the HIV Care Continuum Among MSM, PWID, and Heterosexuals in Washington, DC, 2007–2015

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Abstract

Background:

We developed an HIV testing dashboard to complement the HIV care continuum in selected high-risk populations. Using National HIV Behavioral Surveillance (NHBS) data, we examined trends in HIV testing and care for men who have sex with men (MSM), persons who inject drugs (PWID), and heterosexuals at elevated risk (HET).

Methods:

Between 2007 and 2015, 4792 participants ≥18 years old completed a behavioral survey and were offered HIV testing. For the testing dashboard, proportions ever tested, tested in the past year, testing HIV-positive, and newly testing positive were calculated. An abbreviated care continuum for self-reported positive (SRP) persons included ever engagement in care, past year care, and current antiretroviral (ARV) use. The testing dashboard and care continuum were calculated separately for each population. Chi-square test for trend was used to assess significant trends over time.

Results:

Among MSM, lifetime HIV testing and prevalence significantly increased from 96% to 98% (P = 0.01) and 14%–20% (P = 0.02) over time; prevalence was highest among black MSM at all time points. HIV prevalence among female persons who inject drugs was significantly higher in 2015 vs. 2009 (27% and 13%; P < 0.01). Among heterosexuals at elevated risk from 2010 to 2013, annual testing increased significantly (45%–73%; P < 0.001) and the proportion newly diagnosed decreased significantly (P < 0.01). Self-reported positive MSM had high levels of care engagement and antiretroviral use; among self-reported positive persons who inject drugs and heterosexuals at elevated risk, past year care engagement and antiretroviral use increased over time.

Conclusions:

The HIV testing dashboard can be used to complement the HIV care continuum to display improvements and disparities in HIV testing and care over time.

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