Impact of atopic dermatitis on health-related quality of life and productivity in adults in the United States: An analysis using the National Health and Wellness Survey

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Abstract

Background

Given its public health impact, there is need for broad and representative data on the humanistic burden of atopic dermatitis (AD).

Objective

To establish the humanistic burden of AD in US adults.

Methods

Data were from the 2013 US National Health and Wellness Survey; AD self-reports were propensity-matched with non-AD controls and with psoriasis controls. Bivariate analyses were conducted on burden outcomes between the AD and control groups.

Results

Demographics and baseline characteristics were comparable between matched groups. Subjects with AD (n = 349) versus non-AD controls (n = 698) had significantly higher rates of anxiety, depression, and sleep disorders (29.8%, 31.2%, and 33.2% vs 16.1%, 17.3%, and 19.2%, respectively [all P < .001]); a lower Short Form-36 v2 mental component summary score (44.5 vs 48.0, respectively [P < .001]); a lower physical component summary score (47.6 vs 49.5, respectively [P = .004]), and lower health utilities (0.67 vs 0.72, respectively [P < .001]) in addition to a higher work absenteeism rate (9.9% vs 3.6%, respectively [P < .001]) and activity impairment rate (33.6% vs 25.2%, respectively [P < .001]). Subjects with AD and psoriasis controls (n = 260 each) showed similar impairment in health-related quality of life and productivity.

Limitations

Data were self-reported.

Conclusion

AD is associated with a substantial humanistic burden that is similar in magnitude to that of psoriasis, which is also recognized for its debilitating symptoms, indicating the need for more effective treatments for AD.

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