The Immunopathogenesis of : A Narrative ReviewMycoplasma genitalium: A Narrative Review Infections in Women: A Narrative Review

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Abstract

Mycoplasma genitalium is a common, predominately asymptomatic, and often undiagnosed sexually transmitted infection that is associated with inflammatory urogenital and reproductive tract disease syndromes of men and women. Without programmatic screening in the United States, and with increasing resistance to antibiotics used in empiric sexually transmitted infection management, undiagnosed M. genitalium infections put many women at risk for cervicitis and pelvic inflammatory disease. Chronic infection may also lead to tubal-factor infertility, adverse pregnancy outcomes in expectant mothers, and is a risk factor for acquisition and transmission of human immunodeficiency virus. This review details the dynamics of M. genitalium infection, and then examines the potentially deleterious role of host immunity in reproductive tract disease pathogenesis and enhanced human immunodeficiency virus acquisition/transmission.

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