Comparison of Combined Endoscopic Ultrasonography and Endoscopic Secretin Testing With the Traditional Secretin Pancreatic Function Test in Patients With Suspected Chronic Pancreatitis: A Prospective Crossover Study

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Abstract

Objective

We aimed to determine the feasibility and accuracy of a combined endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) with a shortened pancreatic function testing (sEUS) for structural and functional assessment using a single instrument in patients with suspected chronic pancreatitis (CP).

Methods

We completed a prospective crossover study, enrolling patients with suspected CP. Patients who underwent both traditional 1-hour secretin pancreatic function test (sPFT) and sEUS were included in the analysis. We compared study results for test concordance and for correlation of peak bicarbonate concentrations.

Results

Eleven (64.7%) of 17 patients had concordant sPFT and sEUS findings when the cutoff for peak bicarbonate was 80 mEq/L. Six patients had discordant findings with a negative sPFT and positive sEUS. This poor concordance suggests that sEUS is an unreliable functional test. Lowering the sEUS cutoff to 70 mEq/L resulted in improved concordance (64.7% vs 70.6%). Finally, there was no significant correlation between peak bicarbonate concentrations (r = 0.47; 95% confidence interval, −0.02 to 0.79) in these 2 functional tests.

Conclusions

We demonstrate poor concordance between sPFT and sEUS suggesting that a combined shortened functional and structural test using a single instrument may not be a feasible test for diagnosis of suspected CP when a cutoff of 80 mEq/L is used.

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