Two Cases of Sinusitis Induced by Immune Checkpoint Inhibition

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Abstract

We report the acute onset of aseptic sinusitis in 2 patients receiving the immune checkpoint inhibitors, ipilimumab and nivolumab, for treatment of metastatic melanoma. Ipilimumab, a monoclonal antibody targeting cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen-4, and nivolumab, targeting programmed cell death-1, have been associated with numerous immune-related adverse events. To the authors’ knowledge, this is the first report of aseptic sinusitis as a consequence of immune checkpoint inhibition therapy.

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