MULTIPLE EVANESCENT WHITE DOT SYNDROME WITH SUBRETINAL DEPOSITS

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Abstract

Purpose:

To describe the multimodal imaging findings of transient subretinal deposits occurring in multiple evanescent white dot syndrome (MEWDS).

Methods:

The multimodal imaging characteristics of transient subretinal deposits occurring in MEWDS were investigated with ultra-widefield color and fundus autofluorescence, cross-sectional and en-face optical coherence tomography (OCT), en face OCT-angiography, and quantitative autofluorescence.

Results:

A 28-year-old woman presented with photopsia and temporal visual field loss in her right eye. Her best-corrected visual acuity was 20/20 in her right eye and 20/25 in her left eye. Funduscopic examination showed characteristic peripapillary hyperautofluorescent white dots of MEWDS corresponding to ellipsoid zone disruption on OCT. These lesions became confluent throughout the posterior fundus over the next 4 weeks. As the patient's symptoms were resolving, a second type of transient hyperautofluorescent lesion was noted which corresponded to hyperreflective subretinal deposits on cross-sectional and en face structural OCT. These subretinal deposits were most evident at 10-week follow-up and had nearly resolved at 14-week follow-up. Quantitative autofluorescence showed that, unlike the acute MEWDS lesions, the hyperautoflurescence of the subretinal deposits persisted after photobleaching. At multiple time points over 14 weeks of follow-up, OCT angiography showed no evidence of retinal or choroidal flow abnormalities.

Conclusion:

Transient subretinal deposits may develop during MEWDS in areas of previous diffuse outer retinal disruption. As these deposits remain hyperautoflurescent on quantitative autofluorescence after photobleaching, they may represent accumulations of debris originating from damaged photoreceptor outer segments.

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