Safety and Indications of Laparoscopic Surgery for Postoperative Small-bowel Obstruction: A Single-center Study of 121 Patients

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Abstract

Background/Aims:

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of laparoscopic surgery for the treatment of small-bowel obstruction.

Materials and Methods:

The study group comprised 121 patients who underwent laparoscopic surgery for small-bowel obstruction.

Results:

Previous operations were open surgery in 107 patients and laparoscopic surgery in 14. On univariate analysis, 4 risk factors were related to conversion to open surgery: radiotherapy (P=0.0002), previous episode of intestinal obstruction (P=0.0064), bleeding volume of ≥50 mL (P=0.0059), and the presence or absence of previous bowel resection (P=0.0269). On multivariate analysis, only radiotherapy was an independent risk factor for conversion to open surgery (odds ratio, 5.5141; P=0.0091).

Conclusions:

Laparoscopic surgery can be safely performed in patients with postoperative small-bowel obstruction and is considered an effective treatment with a low rate of recurrent bowel obstruction.

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