Immunoglobulin G4-related disease preceded by lung involvement: A case report

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Abstract

Rationale:

Immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a systemic condition involving various organs and vessels including the pancreas, bile duct, salivary glands, periorbital tissues, kidneys, lungs, lymph nodes, meninges, and aorta. Recently, some cases of IgG4-RD have been reported, in which only pulmonary lesions were present. It is not known whether IgG4-RD can be diagnosed on the basis of pulmonary lesions only, because increases in serum IgG4 levels and infiltration of IgG4-positive plasma cells into the lung tissue also occur in other inflammatory conditions. A case of IgG-RD that was followed-up for 7 years after onset is described.

Patient concerns:

Initially, only pulmonary lesions were present; however, other lesions in the submandibular glands, pancreas, periarterial region, and other areas occurred over time, with a gradual increase in serum IgG4 levels.

Diagnoses, interventions, and outcomes:

Histopathology results from the patient's submandibular gland confirmed the diagnosis of IgG4-RD. Following diagnosis, the patient was treated with corticosteroids immediately, and his symptoms disappeared rapidly.

Lessons:

Because other diseases, including malignancies, mimic IgG4-RD in clinical and histopathological features, an absolute diagnosis is necessary to avoid missing the presence of underlying diseases. This case more provides insight into the clinical pathology of IgG4-RD.

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